Homepage  Homepage     Search on site  Search on site     To write the letter  To write the letter     Site map  Site map
Agro Perspectiva
We are on: 
   
 


Home > News

122 million more people pushed into hunger since 2019 due to multiple crises, reveals UN report

23.07.2023 22:25 "Agro Perspectiva" (Kyiv) Over 122 million more people are facing hunger in the world since 2019 due to the pandemic and repeated weather shocks and conflicts, including the war in Ukraine, according to the latest State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World (SOFI) report published today jointly by five United Nations specialized agencies.

If trends remain as they are, the Sustainable Development Goal of ending hunger by 2030 will not be reached, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD), the United Nations Childrens Fund (UNICEF), the World Health Organization (WHO) and the World Food Programme (WFP) warn.

A wake-up call for the fight against hunger

The 2023 edition of the report reveals that between 691 and 783 million people faced hunger in 2022, with a mid-range of 735 million. This represents an increase of 122 million people compared to 2019, before the COVID-19 pandemic.

While global hunger numbers have stalled between 2021 and 2022, there are many places in the world facing deepening food crises. Progress in hunger reduction was observed in Asia and Latin America, but hunger was still on the rise in Western Asia, the Caribbean and throughout all subregions of Africa in 2022. Africa remains the worst-affected region with one in five people facing hunger on the continent, more than twice the global average.

"There are rays of hope, some regions are on track to achieve some 2030 nutrition targets. But overall, we need an intense and immediate global effort to rescue the Sustainable Development Goals. We must build resilience against the crises and shocks that drive food insecurity-from conflict to climate, said UN Secretary-General António Guterres through a video message during the launch of the report at the UN Headquarters in New York.

The heads of the five UN agencies, FAO Director-General QU Dongyu; IFAD President Alvaro Lario; UNICEF Executive Director Catherine Russell; WFPs Executive Director Cindy McCain; and WHO Director-General Dr. Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus write in the reports Foreword: «No doubt, achieving the Sustainable Development Goal target of Zero Hunger by 2030 poses a daunting challenge. Indeed, it is projected that almost 600 million people will still be facing hunger in 2030. The major drivers of food insecurity and malnutrition are our „new normal“, and we have no option but to redouble our efforts to transform agrifood systems and leverage them towards reaching the Sustainable Development Goal 2 (SDG 2) targets.»

Beyond hunger

The food security and nutrition situation remained grim in 2022. The report finds that approximately 29.6 percent of the global population, equivalent to 2.4 billion people, did not have constant access to food, as measured by the prevalence of moderate or severe food insecurity. Among them, around 900 million individuals faced severe food insecurity.

Meanwhile, the capacity of people to access healthy diets has deteriorated across the world: more than 3.1 billion people in the world — or 42 percent — were unable to afford a healthy diet in 2021. This represents an overall increase of 134 million people compared to 2019.

Millions of children under five continue to suffer from malnutrition: in 2022, 148 million children under five years of age (22.3 percent) were stunted, 45 million (6.8 percent) were wasted, and 37 million (5.6 percent) were overweight.

Progress has been seen in exclusive breastfeeding with 48 percent of infants under 6-months of age benefiting from this practice, close to the 2025 target. However, more concerted efforts will be required to meet the 2030 malnutrition targets.

New evidence: Urbanization is driving changes in agrifood systems

The report also looks at increased urbanization as a megatrend affecting how and what people eat. With almost seven in ten people projected to live in cities by 2050, governments and others working to tackle hunger, food insecurity and malnutrition must seek to understand these urbanization trends and account for them in their policymaking.

In particular, the simple rural and urban divide concept is no longer sufficient to understand the ways in which urbanization is shaping agrifood systems. A more complex rural-urban continuum perspective is needed considering both the degree of connectivity that people have and types of connections that exist between urban and rural areas.

For the first time, this evolution is documented systematically across eleven countries. The report illustrates that food purchases are significant not only among urban households but also across the rural-urban continuum, including those residing far from urban centers. The new findings also show how consumption of highly processed foods is also increasing in peri-urban and rural areas of some countries.

Unfortunately, spatial inequalities remain. Food insecurity affects more people living in rural areas. Moderate or severe food insecurity affected 33 percent of adults living in rural areas and 26 percent in urban areas.

Childrens malnutrition also displays urban and rural specificities: the prevalence of child stunting is higher in rural areas (35.8 percent) than in urban areas (22.4 percent). Wasting is higher in rural areas (10.5 percent) than in urban areas (7.7 percent), while overweight is slightly more prevalent in urban areas (5.4 percent) compared to rural areas (3.5 percent).

The report recommends that to effectively promote food security and nutrition, policy interventions, actions and investments must be guided by a comprehensive understanding of the complex and changing relationship between the rural-urban continuum and agrifood systems.

What they said

FAO Director-General, QU Dongyu: «Recovery from the global pandemic has been uneven, and the war in Ukraine has affected the nutritious food and healthy diets. This is the new normal where climate change, conflict, and economic instability are pushing those on the margins even further from safety. We cannot take a business-as-usual approach.»

IFAD President, Alvaro Lario: "A world without hunger is possible. What we are missing is the investments and political will to implement solutions at scale. We can eradicate hunger if we make it a global priority. Investments in small-scale farmers and in their adaptation to climate change, access to inputs and technologies, and access to finance to set up small agribusinesses can make a difference. Small-scale producers are part of the solution. Properly supported, they can produce more food, diversify production, and supply both urban and rural markets — feeding rural areas and cities nutritious and locally grown food.

UNICEF Executive Director, Catherine Russell: «Malnutrition is a major threat to childrens survival, growth and development. The scale of the nutrition crisis demands a stronger response focused on children, including prioritizing access to nutritious and affordable diets and essential nutrition services, protecting children and adolescents from nutrient-poor, ultra-processed foods, and strengthening food and nutrition supply chains including for fortified and therapeutic foods for children.»

WFP Executive Director, Cindy McCain: «Hunger is rising while the resources we urgently need to protect the most vulnerable are running dangerously low. As humanitarians, we are facing the greatest challenge weve ever seen. We need the global community to act swiftly, smartly, and compassionately to reverse course and turn the tide on hunger. At WFP, we are committed to working with all our partners — both old and new — to create a world where no one questions when their next meal will come.»

WHO Director-General, Dr. Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus: «Child wasting remains unacceptably high and there has been no progress in reducing child overweight. We need targeted public policies, investments and actions to create healthier food environments for all.»

Agro Perspectiva

< U.S. dairy exports to Southeast Asia have been weak to start 2023 All news for
23.07.2023
Brazil continues to make export gains and set new records for beef, pork, and chicken meat >

24.11.2023  
12:25 SUGAR MARKET BY SESVANDERHAVE
09:32 BASF signs CNY 40 billion syndicated bank term loan facility with maturity of 15 years for its Verbund site in Zhanjiang, China
21.11.2023  
23:35 2023/24 European Union sugar production estimated up despite lower area in France
13:07 Inflation forecast to drop further and EU economy to show modest upturn
20.11.2023  
14:10 BASF, The Estée Lauder Companies, RSPO and Solidaridad support Enhanced Sustainable Palm Oil Production in Lampung, Indonesia
11:27 Preserving antimicrobials for the well-being of humans, animals, plants and ecosystems
11:18 Dobrodiya Foods started the production of glute-free oat flakes under the WOWOATS brand
09.11.2023  
20:43 Ukraine Grain Exports to Slide in 2023/24 Despite Recent Improvements
07.11.2023  
18:55 Hidden costs of global agrifood systems worth at least $10 trillion
03.11.2023  
20:13 As winter weather closes in on the Northern Hemisphere, the demand for limes changes accordingly
02.11.2023  
11:21 Wärtsilä supports Denmarks green energy future with opening of new biogas liquefaction plant
13.10.2023  
21:35 Shmyhal speaks about progress in issue of confiscation of Russian assets abroad
21:27 Immediate action is needed to get Africa on track with global goals
06.10.2023  
12:55 Global cereal production set to reach a record high in 2023, while trade could contract in 2023/24
18.09.2023  
13:55 Ukraine will sue Poland, Hungary and Slovakia over agricultural bans
15.09.2023  
21:02 Following the expiry of the restrictive measures on Ukrainian exports of grain and other foodstuff to the EU, Ukraine agrees to introduce measures to avoid a renewed surge in EU imports
13.09.2023  
17:54 Biodel AG Secures Series A Investment from Pangaea Ventures to Advance Novel Regenerative Agriculture Technologies
07:25 Rice Export Prices Highest in 15 Years as India Restricts Trade
11.09.2023  
17:54 Export Bans, Black Sea Tensions, Affecting Food Markets - WTO Agriculture and Commodities Division
09.09.2023  
18:36 Global cereal production forecast to match past record - FAO
14.08.2023  
13:22 EBRD provides EUR60 million guarantee to support lending by Ukraines PrivatBank
13:18 Supporting small business in the west of Ukraine via Bank Lviv
12.08.2023  
18:35 Russia Withdraws from Black Sea Grain Initiative
04.08.2023  
19:32 Falling international maize and sugar prices partly offset notable jumps in wheat and vegetable oil quotations
28.07.2023  
19:25 Cargill and partners announce first Gold Standard-approved methane emissions reduction methodology for beef producers
19:21 FAO welcomes European Union contribution of 25 million to advance wildlife conservation and food security
18:55 BASFs earnings in tough market environment significantly below strong prior-year quarter
24.07.2023  
00:45 Brazil continues to make export gains and set new records for beef, pork, and chicken meat
23.07.2023  
22:25 122 million more people pushed into hunger since 2019 due to multiple crises, reveals UN report
22.07.2023  
08:17 U.S. dairy exports to Southeast Asia have been weak to start 2023
13.07.2023  
07:00 Russia Exports Record Wheat Volumes; Ukraine Exports Plummet
08.07.2023  
09:00 FAO Food Price Index continued declining in June
06.07.2023  
20:10 Global agricultural and food production are projected to continue to increase over the next ten years
04.07.2023  
19:54 EBRD supports Ukrainian city of Dnipro with EUR25 million loan
09:03 Nibulon invests EUR 27 mln in construction of granary, flour mill in Izmail
23.06.2023  
08:57 World coffee production for 2023/24 is forecast 4.3 million bags higher than the previous year to 174.3 million
08:55 Mexicos Production Recovering from Coffee Leaf Rust
22.06.2023  
04:05 EBRD and Ukraine government to mobilise 600 million for Ukraine energy security
21.06.2023  
20:26 EBRD and Ukraine government to mobilise EUR600 million for Ukraine energy security
11.06.2023  
15:55 Argentina ramps up soybean imports from Paraguay and Brazil
10.06.2023  
04:35 World Oceans Day must be Humans Day: FAO Fisheries chief
09.06.2023  
11:24 EU extends trade benefits for Ukraine
05.06.2023  
11:25 2023/24 Grain Production Exceeds Consumption
02.06.2023  
11:45 Rebound seen for global cereal output, with worldwide stocks set to hit record levels
11:35 Significant drops in international quotations for wheat, maize, vegetable oils and cheese, while prices of rice, sugar and meat rise
01.06.2023  
11:56 Conflict Drives Acute Hunger in the Democratic Republic of Congo - UN agencies warn
31.05.2023  
12:29 Three New Foods and Their Applicable Food Safety Standards
30.05.2023  
11:55 Haiti: Nearly half of the population is facing acute hunger
11:34 Increasing risk of hunger set to spread in hotspot areas as the Sudan crisis spills over into subregion and el Niño looms - warns new UN report
28.05.2023  
12:51 Black Sea Grain Initiative not fully resumed UN

Also available: 


NewsNews - News - News - News - News - News
BriefWeekly Reports - Free article
SubscriptionTariff - News&Reports
AdvertisingMagazine - Site
ConferencesForum AGRO-2013 - DAIRY WORLD-2008 - FERTILIZERS-2010
Statistics
For our clientsAgroNewsDaily - Ukrainian Grain&Oilseed Market - Fertilizers - Milk Monthly - Milk Weekly
About usAbout project - Contact
2002 -2023 © Agrarika, ltd.
tel.: +380 67 4473802; +380 67 5964652
e-mail: client@agroperspectiva.com