Homepage  Homepage     Search on site  Search on site     To write the letter  To write the letter     Site map  Site map
Agro Perspectiva
We are on: 
   
 


Home > News

Turkeys pistachio production in MY 2022/23 is forecast to increase year-over-year to 210,000 MT

05.10.2022 10:22 "Agro Perspectiva" (Kyiv) Following are selected highlights from a report issued by a U. S. Department of Agriculture attache in The Ankara, Turkeys pistachio production in MY 2022/23 is forecast to increase year-over-year to 210,000 metric tons (MT). Production volumes will grow because MY 2022/23 is considered an «on-year» in the production cycle for pistachios. Production will also be buoyed by an increase in the number of bearing trees. According to the Turkish Statistical Institute (TurkStat), there are an estimated 55 million bearing pistachio trees at the beginning of the current marketing year, up nearly 2 percent from last year. There are also about 23 million non-bearing trees, which is about 4 percent higher than a year ago.

MY 2022/23 pistachio production, which is mostly rain-fed, will also benefit from improved rainfall conditions during this past winter and spring. However, additional production and yield gains for this period will be moderated by the lingering effects of last years drought, which weakened trees and limited nest formation on trees this past spring. In addition, unexpected frost and hail damage in southeast Turkey this past winter is expected to pull yields down slightly in some growing areas.

Pistachio growers continue to replace their older trees, some of which are older than 50 years old, with younger trees in hopes of improving yields and increasing profit margins. With improved farmer training over the last decade, growers now appreciate and understand the importance of planting male trees in their orchards. At the same time, market sources report that in recent years some farmers, who were looking for higher profit margins, stopped planting lentils, barley, and even wheat to start growing pistachio trees. The new trees and orchards being planted will help lift Turkeys overall yields and production levels in the coming years.

Pistachio yields and production levels can vary dramatically between on- and off-years. The average pistachio yield is around 4 kilograms (kg) per tree in on-years and around 2 kg per tree during off-years.

Yields in MY 2021/22, an off-year, were below average at 1.6 kg/tree because of the drought. Pistachio production is fairly widespread throughout Turkey with 56 of 81 provinces growing pistachios, according to the Gaziantep Commodity Exchange (GCE). However, production is largely concentrated in just two southeastern provinces, Gaziantep and Sanliurfa, which account for 80 percent of total production. The southeastern provinces of Adiyaman, Siirt, Kilis, Kahramanmaras, Mardin, and Diyarbakir account for another 15 percent of total production. The remaining five percent is thinly spread across the Aegean, Mediterranean, and Marmara regions, where production has slowly increased over the last decade.

There are two main types of pistachios grown in Turkey, the Gaziantep (Antep) variety and the Siirt variety. Both of these varieties are unique to Turkey and differ in size and shape compared to the pistachios grown in Iran and the USA. The Antep variety accounts for 85 percent of pistachios grown in Turkey. The Siirt variety makes up the remaining 15 percent of production; the Siirt variety is considered a higher-yielding variety than the Gaziantep variety.

The quality standards for Turkish pistachios are directly related to the size of the nut. 90 nuts or fewer per 100 grams is considered first quality; 90–100 nuts are second quality; 100–120 nuts are third quality; and more than 120 nuts are fourth quality. Turkeys production of high-quality pistachios is predicted to increase in the future with the increasing number of new trees.

In recent years, to mitigate the natural «off year/on year» production cycle, pistachio growers have started using good agricultural practices, especially in parts of southeastern Turkey. With the support from local universities and other institutions, farmers are gradually realizing that higher yields can be

achieved with «good» soil conditions, better tree care, and irrigation. While the number of irrigated orchards has grown in the last few years due to abnormal drought conditions, only a fraction of total production is irrigated.

Since 2011, the Turkish Foundation for Combating Soil Erosion, Forestation, and Protection of Natural Habitats (TEMA), with contributions from private companies, has undertaken a project to increase the pistachio yields in Gaziantep and Sanliurfa provinces. The project, which is called «May you have abundant pistachios,» trains farmers how to properly care for their trees. The training focuses on improving pruning and trimming techniques, as well as better fertilizer and pesticide application practices. Farmers who have been trained under this program and applied these best practices have seen their yields triple. Meantime, Universities in the major pistachio growing regions in Turkey have developed better production methods and plant protection measures to help farmers improve yields.

Agro Perspectiva

< World Bank improves forecast for growth of Ukrainian economy in 2023 to 3.3% All news for
05.10.2022
How sustainable forest management can enhance the worlds biodiversity >

05.06.2023  
11:25 2023/24 Grain Production Exceeds Consumption
02.06.2023  
11:45 Rebound seen for global cereal output, with worldwide stocks set to hit record levels
11:35 Significant drops in international quotations for wheat, maize, vegetable oils and cheese, while prices of rice, sugar and meat rise
01.06.2023  
11:56 Conflict Drives Acute Hunger in the Democratic Republic of Congo - UN agencies warn
31.05.2023  
12:29 Three New Foods and Their Applicable Food Safety Standards
30.05.2023  
11:55 Haiti: Nearly half of the population is facing acute hunger
11:34 Increasing risk of hunger set to spread in hotspot areas as the Sudan crisis spills over into subregion and el Niño looms - warns new UN report
28.05.2023  
12:51 Black Sea Grain Initiative not fully resumed UN
25.05.2023  
15:52 Ukrainian FM urges African Union to demand that Russia stop obstructing work of grain corridor
20.05.2023  
11:49 Grain initiative talks continue considering proposal of UN Secretary General Dpty Minister of Restoration
05.05.2023  
14:45 The FAO Food Price Index rebounded slightly in April
28.04.2023  
09:15 Yara . 1Q results impacted by falling prices, but tighter nitrogen market into 2Q
21.04.2023  
22:10 Ukraine sees no reason to ban Ukrainian grain imports by EU countries - Solsky
18.04.2023  
21:45 $5 million from FAO-China South-South Cooperation Programme will assist in building more resilient agrifood systems
21:05 China Becomes Worlds Largest Wheat Importer in 2022/23
14.04.2023  
09:52 EBRD and Spain join forces to support Ukraines food security and municipal sector
05.04.2023  
13:10 Astarta starts 2023 planting season
31.03.2023  
00:27 War in Ukraine continues to impact EU farmers
28.03.2023  
22:17 Ukraine sends 150,000 tonnes of wheat to Asia
12:00 Global onion prices are at record-high levels due to a global shortage of onions
12.03.2023  
06:17 It will enrich Egypt if a kilo of onions costs HUF 1,000
10.03.2023  
11:03 Plummeting Argentina Soybean Production Impacts Global Soybean and Products Trade
10:15 Argentina Drought Cuts Corn Exports with Lowest Global Trade in Three Years
03.03.2023  
15:25 Early production outlook for 2023 wheat crops
14:05 FAO Food Price Index declines for the 11th consecutive month
02.03.2023  
15:55 Malaysias vegetable prices set to soar again due to wet weather
12:23 FAO outlines three pillars of action for initiatives in Ukraine in 2023
11:25 The Latin America and the Caribbean has the highest cost of a healthy diet compared to other regions
11:15 Pistachios. Global production for 2022/23 is forecast to 791,000 MT
01.03.2023  
10:46 Kharkiv Dairy Plant continues to produce dairy products thanks to generator received from Government of Germany
23.02.2023  
15:57 Ukraine seeks to extend "Grain deal" for 12 months year to involve more ports - deputy minister
15:53 Vegetable prices were constantly rising over past two weeks
15:33 ICMSA say suspicions growing around fertiliser sellers reluctance to quote prices for orders
22.02.2023  
14:35 Finland supports Ukraines grain exports
16.02.2023  
08:13 U.S. Soybean Oil Exports Forecast at Record Low
09.02.2023  
10:11 Brazil and the United States Vie for Worlds Top Corn Exporter
01.02.2023  
00:30 Asia-Pacific. In 2021, 396 million people in the region were undernourished - a new report by four UN agencies
30.01.2023  
10:05 Global chicken meat production for 2023 is virtually unchanged from the October forecast at 102.9 MMT
27.01.2023  
17:49 South Africa exports of tangerines/mandarins are forecast to grow by almost 8 percent in 2022/23
15.01.2023  
08:36 Israels planted citrus area in MY 2022/23 is forecast to be 16,200 ha
08:03 Record South American Soybean Supplies Forecast Despite Falling Argentina Crop
07:35 China Total Meat Imports Forecast Higher in 2023
13.01.2023  
06:26 U.S. Sorghum Exports Fall Precipitously
07.01.2023  
19:25 World food prices dip in December. FAO Food Price Index ends 2022 lower than a year earlier
04.01.2023  
16:50 A $15.5 million EU-funded project aims to respond to disruptions to the agricultural sector caused by war
22.12.2022  
15:15 Somalia: FAO calls for fully funded, at-scale and sustained life-saving and livelihoods support to pull people from the brink of famine
12.12.2022  
23:32 Burma importing soybean meal to grow aquaculture industry
10.12.2022  
09:37 Argentina wheat exports fall while Australia soars
09.12.2022  
20:32 Record India Soybean Meal Premiums Disrupt Trade Flows
04.12.2022  
17:09 Global cereal production and trade forecast to fall to three-year lows

Also available: 


NewsNews - News - News - News - News - News
BriefWeekly Reports - Free article
SubscriptionTariff - News&Reports
AdvertisingMagazine - Site
ConferencesForum AGRO-2013 - DAIRY WORLD-2008 - FERTILIZERS-2010
Statistics
For our clientsAgroNewsDaily - Ukrainian Grain&Oilseed Market - Fertilizers - Milk Monthly - Milk Weekly
About usAbout project - Contact
2002 -2023 © Agrarika, ltd.
tel.: +380 67 4473802; +380 67 5964652
e-mail: client@agroperspectiva.com